Published and Forthcoming

Banking Deserts and the Paycheck Protection Program

Accepted for publication at Economic Development Quarterly

Working Papers

Job Market Paper: Does the Earned Income Tax Credit Birth New Establishments?

One of the most important aspects of entrepreneurship is its role in job creation and employment growth. The transition from a non-employer to an employer is a significant decision for the entrepreneur, as hiring the first employee is often harder than hiring subsequent employees given the associated fixed costs. The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), a benet for working low-income individuals, may be one policy that may impact the job creation aspects of entrepreneurship. While the main beneficiary is the recipient of the credit, employers are able to capture some of the surplus by paying lower wages. The wage savings from the EITC may influence the decision to open, expand, contract, and shutdown. Using a contiguous cross-border county analysis, I find that the difference in the number of establishment births (hiring of the first employee), and expansions significantly decreases between counties with a state EITC policy and their cross-border counterpart without such a policy, upon implementation of the tax credit. These results hold both for differences in the existence and differences in the generosity of the policy. These effects are particularly strong in rural counties where labor markets are relatively thinner in comparison to more populous counties. These results suggest a trade-off between the increased labor supply effects of the EITC and decreased labor demand, a feature which should be considered when a state is deciding to implement or expand their own Earned Income Tax Credit.

JOLTS of Information

Under Review

The Long-Term Impacts of the Earned Income Tax Credit on Entrepreneurship
The Impact of New World Crops on the Indian Economy

Works in Progress

Credit Constraints on Military Spouses
Support the Troops’ Businesses: The Effect of Proximity to Veterans Business Outreach Centers
CRA and the Geographic Dispersion of PPP Loans
Employment, Production, & Networking Effects of the Paycheck Protection Program